Community Action Needed: Please respond to the NIH RFI
ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-201120-141
Distinct Tissue Damage and Microbial Cues Drive Neutrophil and Macrophage Recruitment to Thermal Injury
Barros-Becker, F., Squirrell, J.M., Burke, R., Chini, J., Rindy, J., Karim, A., Eliceiri, K.W., Gibson, A., Huttenlocher, A.
Date: 2020
Source: iScience   23: 101699 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Huttenlocher, Anna
Keywords: Microbiology and Immunology
MeSH Terms: none
PubMed: 33196024 Full text @ iScience
Tissue damage triggers a rapid innate immune response that mediates host defense. Previously we reported that thermal damage of the larval zebrafish fin disrupts collagen organization and induces a robust and potentially damaging innate immune response. The mechanisms that drive damaging versus protective neutrophil inflammation in interstitial tissues remain unclear. Here we identify distinct cues in the tissue microenvironment that differentially drive neutrophil and macrophage responses to sterile injury. Using live imaging, we found a motile zone for neutrophils, but not macrophages, in collagen-free regions and identified a specific role for interleukin-6 (IL-6) receptor signaling in neutrophil responses to thermal damage. IL-6 receptor mutants show impaired neutrophil recruitment to sterile thermal injury that was not present in tissues infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. These findings identify distinct signaling networks during neutrophil recruitment to sterile and microbial damage cues and provide a framework to limit potentially damaging neutrophil inflammation.