|ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-200817-13|
Identification and characterization of isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) as a functional target of marine natural product grincamycin B
Wang, Z., Li, Z.X., Zhao, W.C., Huang, H.B., Wang, J.Q., Zhang, H., Lu, J.Y., Wang, R.N., Li, W., Cheng, Z., Xu, W.L., Di Zhu, ., Zhou, L.S., Jiang, W., Yu, L., Liu, J.Y., Luo, C., Zhu, H., Dan Ye, ., Pan, W.J., Ju, J.H., Dang, Y.J.
|Source:||Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 42(5): 801-813 (Journal)|
|Registered Authors:||Pan, Weijun|
|Keywords:||ER stress, Zebrafish embryos, apoptosis, grincamycin B, hematological malignancies, intracellular ROS, isocitrate dehydrogenase 1, marine natural product|
|PubMed:||32796956 Full text @ Acta Pharmacol. Sin.|
Wang, Z., Li, Z.X., Zhao, W.C., Huang, H.B., Wang, J.Q., Zhang, H., Lu, J.Y., Wang, R.N., Li, W., Cheng, Z., Xu, W.L., Di Zhu, ., Zhou, L.S., Jiang, W., Yu, L., Liu, J.Y., Luo, C., Zhu, H., Dan Ye, ., Pan, W.J., Ju, J.H., Dang, Y.J. (2020) Identification and characterization of isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) as a functional target of marine natural product grincamycin B. Acta Pharmacologica Sinica. 42(5):801-813.
ABSTRACTGrincamycins (GCNs) are a class of angucycline glycosides isolated from actinomycete Streptomyces strains that have potent antitumor activities, but their antitumor mechanisms remain unknown. In this study, we tried to identify the cellular target of grincamycin B (GCN B), one of most dominant and active secondary metabolites, using a combined strategy. We showed that GCN B-selective-induced apoptosis of human acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cell line NB4 through increase of ER stress and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. Using a strategy of combining phenotype, transcriptomics and protein microarray approaches, we identified that isocitrate dehydrogenase 1(IDH1) was the putative target of GCN B, and confirmed that GCNs were a subset of selective inhibitors targeting both wild-type and mutant IDH1 in vitro. It is well-known that IDH1 converts isocitrate to 2-oxoglutarate (2-OG), maintaining intracellular 2-OG homeostasis. IDH1 and its mutant as the target of GCN B were validated in NB4 cells and zebrafish model. Knockdown of IDH1 in NB4 cells caused the similar phenotype as GCN B treatment, and supplementation of N-acetylcysteine partially rescued the apoptosis caused by IDH1 interference in NB4 cells. In zebrafish model, GCN B effectively restored myeloid abnormality caused by overexpression of mutant IDH1(R132C). Taken together, we demonstrate that IDH1 is one of the antitumor targets of GCNs, suggesting wild-type IDH1 may be a potential target for hematological malignancies intervention in the future.
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