CPAMD8 loss-of-function underlies non-dominant congenital glaucoma with variable anterior segment dysgenesis and abnormal extracellular matrix

Bonet-Fernández, J.M., Aroca-Aguilar, J.D., Corton, M., Ramírez, A.I., Alexandre-Moreno, S., García-Antón, M.T., Salazar, J.J., Ferre-Fernández, J.J., Atienzar-Aroca, R., Villaverde, C., Iancu, I., Tamayo, A., Méndez-Hernández, C.D., Morales-Fernández, L., Rojas, B., Ayuso, C., Coca-Prados, M., Martinez-de-la-Casa, J.M., García-Feijoo, J., Escribano, J.
Human genetics   139(10): 1209-1231 (Journal)
Registered Authors
MeSH Terms
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Anterior Chamber/metabolism
  • Anterior Chamber/pathology
  • Anterior Chamber/surgery
  • CRISPR-Cas Systems
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Complement C3/deficiency
  • Complement C3/genetics*
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Extracellular Matrix/metabolism*
  • Extracellular Matrix/pathology
  • Eye Abnormalities/genetics*
  • Eye Abnormalities/metabolism
  • Eye Abnormalities/pathology
  • Eye Abnormalities/surgery
  • Female
  • Gene Editing
  • Gene Expression
  • Genes, Recessive
  • Glaucoma/genetics*
  • Glaucoma/metabolism
  • Glaucoma/pathology
  • Glaucoma/surgery
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
  • Humans
  • Loss of Function Mutation*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pedigree
  • Trabecular Meshwork/metabolism
  • Trabecular Meshwork/pathology
  • Trabecular Meshwork/surgery
  • Trabeculectomy
  • Trypsin Inhibitor, Kazal Pancreatic/deficiency
  • Trypsin Inhibitor, Kazal Pancreatic/genetics*
  • Zebrafish
  • alpha-Macroglobulins/deficiency
  • alpha-Macroglobulins/genetics*
32274568 Full text @ Hum. Genet.
Abnormal development of the ocular anterior segment may lead to a spectrum of clinical phenotypes ranging from primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) to variable anterior segment dysgenesis (ASD). The main objective of this study was to identify the genetic alterations underlying recessive congenital glaucoma with ASD (CG-ASD). Next-generation DNA sequencing identified rare biallelic CPAMD8 variants in four patients with CG-ASD and in one case with PCG. CPAMD8 is a gene of unknown function and recently associated with ASD. Bioinformatic and in vitro functional evaluation of the variants using quantitative reverse transcription PCR and minigene analysis supported a loss-of-function pathogenic mechanism. Optical and electron microscopy of the trabeculectomy specimen from one of the CG-ASD cases revealed an abnormal anterior chamber angle, with altered extracellular matrix, and apoptotic trabecular meshwork cells. The CPAMD8 protein was immunodetected in adult human ocular fluids and anterior segment tissues involved in glaucoma and ASD (i.e., aqueous humor, non-pigmented ciliary epithelium, and iris muscles), as well as in periocular mesenchyme-like cells of zebrafish embryos. CRISPR/Cas9 disruption of this gene in F0 zebrafish embryos (96 hpf) resulted in varying degrees of gross developmental abnormalities, including microphthalmia, pharyngeal maldevelopment, and pericardial and periocular edemas. Optical and electron microscopy examination of these embryos showed iridocorneal angle hypoplasia (characterized by altered iris stroma cells, reduced anterior chamber, and collagen disorganized corneal stroma extracellular matrix), recapitulating some patients' features. Our data support the notion that CPAMD8 loss-of-function underlies a spectrum of recessive CG-ASD phenotypes associated with extracellular matrix disorganization and provide new insights into the normal and disease roles of this gene.
Genes / Markers
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Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes