ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-200403-163
Investigating microglia during motor neuron degeneration using a zebrafish model
Morrice, J.R., Gregory-Evans, C.Y., Shaw, C.A.
Date: 2020
Source: Micron (Oxford, England : 1993)   133: 102852 (Journal)
Registered Authors:
Keywords: ALS, Live imaging, Microglia, Neurodegeneration, Zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/pathology
  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Disease Progression
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods
  • Intravital Microscopy/methods*
  • Microglia/pathology*
  • Motor Neurons/pathology*
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases/pathology*
  • Optical Imaging
  • Spatio-Temporal Analysis
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 32203887 Full text @ Micron
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ABSTRACT
Many different types of pathologies can arise in the central nervous system (CNS), such as neurodegeneration. The incidence of neurodegenerative diseases continues to increase, yet the pathogenesis underlying most neurodegenerative diseases, notably in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), remains elusive. Neuronal support cells, or glia, are known to play a crucial role in ALS. Microglia are the resident immune cells of the CNS and also have neurotrophic support functions. These cells have a disease-modifying function in ALS, yet this role is not well understood. A likely reason for this is that the intact CNS is particularly challenging to access for investigation in patients and in most animal models, which has impeded research in this field. The zebrafish is emerging as a robust model system to investigate cells in vivo, and offer distinct advantages over other vertebrate models for investigating neurodegenerative diseases. Live imaging in vivo is a powerful technique to characterize the role of dynamic cells such as microglia during neurodegeneration, and zebrafish provide a convenient means for live imaging. Here, we discuss the zebrafish as a model for live imaging, provide a brief overview of available high resolution imaging platforms that accommodate zebrafish, and describe our own in vivo studies on the role of microglia during motor neuron degeneration. Live in vivo imaging is anticipated to provide invaluable advancements to defining the pathogenesis underlying neurodegenerative diseases, which may in turn allow for more specifically targeted therapeutics.
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