ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-191217-4
Gene duplication and functional divergence of the zebrafish otospiralin genes
Aissette, B., Sepand, R., Amal, B., Masanari, T., Vanessa, G., Amal, S., Tanja, B., Olfa, J., Strähle, U., Saber, M.
Date: 2019
Source: Development genes and evolution   230(1): 27-36 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Strähle, Uwe
Keywords: Inner ear, Kinocilia, Notochord, Otospiralin, Otospiralin-like, Zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Ear, Inner/growth & development
  • Ear, Inner/metabolism
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/metabolism
  • Gene Duplication*
  • Gene Knockdown Techniques
  • Mice
  • Morpholinos
  • Phylogeny
  • Transcriptome
  • Vertebrates/genetics
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
  • Zebrafish/metabolism
PubMed: 31838648 Full text @ Dev. Genes Evol.
Otospiralin (OTOSP) is a small protein of unknown function, expressed in fibrocytes of the inner ear and required for normal cochlear auditory function. Despite its conservation from fish to mammals, expression of otospiralin was only investigated in mammals. Here, we report for the first time the expression profile of OTOS orthologous genes in zebrafish (Danio rerio): otospiralin and si:ch73-23l24.1 (designated otospiralin-like). In situ hybridization analyses in zebrafish embryos showed a specific expression of otospiralin-like in notochord (from 14 to 48 hpf) and similar expression patterns for otospiralin and otospiralin-like in gut (from 72 to 120 hpf), swim bladder (from 96 to 120 hpf) and inner ear (at 120 hpf). Morpholino knockdown of otospiralin and otospiralin-like showed no strong change of the body structure of the embryos at 5 dpf and the inner ear was normally formed. Nevertheless, knockdown embryos showed a reduced number of kinocilia in the lateral crista, indicating that these genes play an important role in kinocilium formation. RT-qPCR revealed that otospiralin is highly expressed in adult zebrafish inner ear comparing to the others analyzed tissues as previously shown for mice. Interestingly, otospiralin-like was not detected in the inner ear which suggests that otospiralin have a more important function in hearing than otospiralin-like. Phylogenetic analysis of otospiralin proteins in vertebrates indicated the presence of two subgroups and supported the functional divergence observed in zebrafish for otospiralin and otospiralin-like genes. This study offers the first insight into the expression of otospiralin and otospiralin-like in zebrafish. Expression data point to an important role for otospiralin in zebrafish hearing and a specific role for otospiralin-like in notochord vacuolization.