ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-191121-5
High-fat diet impairs cognitive function of zebrafish
Meguro, S., Hosoi, S., Hasumura, T.
Date: 2019
Source: Scientific Reports   9: 17063 (Journal)
Registered Authors:
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Avoidance Learning/drug effects*
  • Behavior, Animal/drug effects
  • Cognition/physiology*
  • Cognitive Dysfunction/physiopathology*
  • Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects*
  • Dietary Fats/adverse effects*
  • Gene Expression/drug effects
  • Telencephalon/metabolism
  • Zebrafish/metabolism
  • Zebrafish/physiology
PubMed: 31745184 Full text @ Sci. Rep.
An unhealthy diet with excessive fat intake has often been claimed to induce not only obesity but also cognitive dysfunction in mammals; however, it is not known whether this is the case in zebrafish. Here, we investigated the effect of excessive fat in the diet on cognitive function and on gene expression in the telencephalon of zebrafish. Cognitive function, as measured by active avoidance test, was impaired by feeding of a high-fat diet compared with a control diet. In RNA sequencing analysis of the telencephalon, 97 genes were identified with a fold change in expression greater than 2 and a p-value less than 0.05 between the two diets. In quantitative real-time PCR analysis of the telencephalon, genes related to neuronal activity, anti-oxidative stress, blood-brain barrier function and amyloid-β degradation were found to be downregulated, whereas genes related to apoptosis and amyloid-β production were found to be upregulated, in the high-fat diet group, which are changes known to occur in mammals fed a high-fat diet. Collectively, these results are similar to those found in mammals, suggesting that zebrafish can serve as a suitable animal model in research into cognitive impairment induced by excessive fat in the diet.