ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-191017-3
Zebrafish In Vivo Models of Cancer and Metastasis
Astell, K.R., Sieger, D.
Date: 2019
Source: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine   10(8): (Review)
Registered Authors: Sieger, Dirk
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms: none
PubMed: 31615862 Full text @ Cold Spring Harb. Perspect. Med.
Metastasis, the dispersal of cancer cells from a primary tumor to secondary sites within the body, is the leading cause of cancer-related death. Animal models have been an indispensable tool to investigate the complex interactions between the cancer cells and the tumor microenvironment during the metastatic cascade. The zebrafish (Danio rerio) has emerged as a powerful vertebrate model for studying metastatic events in vivo. The zebrafish has many attributes including ex-utero development, which facilitates embryonic manipulation, as well as optically transparent tissues, which enables in vivo imaging of fluorescently labeled cells in real time. Here, we summarize the techniques which have been used to study cancer biology and metastasis in the zebrafish model organism, including genetic manipulation and transgenesis, cell transplantation, live imaging, and high-throughput compound screening. Finally, we discuss studies using the zebrafish, which have complemented and benefited metastasis research.