ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190810-10
A novel group of secretory cells regulates development of the immature intestinal stem cell niche through repression of the main signaling pathways driving proliferation
Li, J., Dedloff, M.R., Stevens, K., Maney, L., Prochaska, M., Hongay, C.F., Wallace, K.N.
Date: 2019
Source: Developmental Biology   456(1): 47-62 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Wallace, Kenneth
Keywords: EGF, IGF, Intestine, Proliferation, Secretory cell, Stem cell regulation, Wnt, Zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis/physiology
  • Cell Differentiation/physiology
  • Cell Proliferation/physiology*
  • Embryonic Development/physiology
  • Epithelial Cells/metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/genetics
  • Intestinal Mucosa/metabolism*
  • Intestines/embryology
  • Paneth Cells/metabolism
  • Receptors, Notch/metabolism
  • Signal Transduction/physiology
  • Stem Cell Niche/physiology*
  • Stem Cells/metabolism
  • Zebrafish/embryology
PubMed: 31398318 Full text @ Dev. Biol.
ABSTRACT
The intestinal epithelium has constant turnover throughout the life of the organ, with apoptosis of cells at the tips of folds or villi releasing cells into the lumen. Due to constant turnover, epithelial cells need to be constantly replaced. Epithelial cells are supplied by stem cell niches that form at the base of the interfold space (zebrafish) and crypts (birds and mammals). Within the adult stem cell niche of mammals, secretory cells such as Paneth and goblet cells play a role in modulation of proliferation and stem cell activity, producing asymmetric divisions. Progeny of asymmetric divisions move up the fold or villi, giving rise to all of the epithelial cell types. Although much is known about function and organization of the adult intestinal stem cell niche, less is understood about regulation within the immature stem cell compartment. Following smooth muscle formation, the intestinal epithelium folds and proliferation becomes restricted to the interfold base. Symmetric divisions continue in the developing interfold niche until stem cell progeny begin asymmetric divisions, producing progeny that migrate up the developing folds. Proliferative progeny from the developing stem cell niche begin migrating out of the niche during the third week post-embryogenesis (zebrafish) or during the postnatal period (mammals). Regulation and organization of epithelial proliferation in the immature stem cell niche may be regulated by signals comparable to the adult niche. Here we identify a novel subset of secretory cells associated with the developing stem cell niche that receive Notch signaling (referred to as NRSCs). Inhibition of the embryonic NRSCs between 74 hpf to 120 hpf increases epithelial proliferation as well as EGF and IGF signaling. Inhibition of post-embryonic NRSCs (6 hpf to 12 dpf) also increases epithelial proliferation and expression level of Wnt target genes. We conclude that NRSCs play a role in modulation of epithelial proliferation through repression of signaling pathways that drive proliferation during both embryogenesis and the post embryonic period.
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