PUBLICATION

The combination of loss of glyoxalase1 and obesity results in hyperglycemia

Authors
Lodd, E., Wiggenhauser, L.M., Morgenstern, J., Fleming, T.H., Poschet, G., Büttner, M., Tabler, C.T., Wohlfart, D.P., Nawroth, P.P., Kroll, J.
ID
ZDB-PUB-190621-2
Date
2019
Source
JCI insight   4(12): (Journal)
Registered Authors
Kroll, Jens, Lodd, Elisabeth
Keywords
Diabetes, Endocrinology, Metabolism
MeSH Terms
  • Animals
  • CRISPR-Cas Systems
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics
  • Diet
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Gene Knockout Techniques
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Glucose/metabolism
  • Hyperglycemia/etiology*
  • Hyperglycemia/genetics
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Lactoylglutathione Lyase/genetics
  • Lactoylglutathione Lyase/physiology*
  • Liver/metabolism
  • Male
  • Obesity/complications*
  • Pyruvaldehyde/metabolism
  • Retina/pathology
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
PubMed
31217350 Full text @ JCI Insight
Abstract
The increased formation of methylglyoxal (MG) under hyperglycemia is associated with the development of microvascular complications in patients with diabetes mellitus; however, the effects of elevated MG levels in vivo are poorly understood. In zebrafish, a transient knockdown of glyoxalase 1, the main MG detoxifying system, led to the elevation of endogenous MG levels and blood vessel alterations. To evaluate effects of a permanent knockout of glyoxalase 1 in vivo, glo1-/- zebrafish mutants were generated using CRISPR/Cas9. In addition, a diet-induced-obesity zebrafish model was used to analyze glo1-/- zebrafish under high nutrient intake. Glo1-/- zebrafish survived until adulthood without growth deficit and showed increased tissue MG concentrations. Impaired glucose tolerance developed in adult glo1-/- zebrafish and was indicated by increased postprandial blood glucose levels and postprandial S6 kinase activation. Challenged by an overfeeding period, fasting blood glucose levels in glo1-/- zebrafish were increased which translated into retinal blood vessel alterations. Thus, the data have identified a defective MG detoxification as a metabolic prerequisite and glyoxalase 1 alterations as a genetic susceptibility to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus under high nutrition intake.
Genes / Markers
Figures
Show all Figures
Expression
Phenotype
Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Fish
Antibodies
Orthology
Engineered Foreign Genes
Mapping
Errata and Notes