ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190530-4
Targeted gene knockin in zebrafish using the 28S rDNA-specific non-LTR-retrotransposon R2Ol
Kuroki-Kami, A., Nichuguti, N., Yatabe, H., Mizuno, S., Kawamura, S., Fujiwara, H.
Date: 2019
Source: Mobile DNA   10: 23 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Fujiwara, Haruhiko, Kawamura, Shoji, Nichuguti, Narisu
Keywords: 28S rDNA specific element R2, Long interspersed element (LINE), Non-LTR retrotransposon, Sequence-specific retrotransposition, Targeted gene knockin, Transgenic zebrafish
MeSH Terms: none
PubMed: 31139267 Full text @ Mob DNA
Although most of long interspersed elements (LINEs), one class of non-LTR-retrotransposons, are integrated into the host genome randomely, some elements are retrotransposed into the specific sequences of the genomic regions, such as rRNA gene (rDNA) clusters, telomeric repeats and other repetitive sequenes. Most of the sequence-specific LINEs have been reported mainly among invertebrate species and shown to retrotranspose into the specific sequences in vivo and in vitro systems. Recenlty, 28S rDNA-specific LINE R2 elements are shown to be distributed among widespread vertebrate species, but the sequence-specific retrotransposition of R2 has never been demonstrated in vertebrates.
Here we cloned a full length unit of R2 from medaka fish Oryzias latipes, named R2Ol, and engineered it to a targeted gene integration tool in zebrafish. By injecting R2Ol-encoding mRNA into zebrafish embryos, R2Ol retrotransposed precisely into the target site at high efficiency (98%) and was transmitted to the next generation at high frequency (50%). We also generated transgenic zebrafish carrying the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) reporter gene in 28S rDNA target by the R2Ol retrotransposition system.
Sequence-specific LINE retrotransposes into the precise sequence using target primed reverse transcription (TPRT), possibly providing an alternative and effective targeted gene knockin method in vertebrates.