ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190403-4
Solid Matrix-Supported Supercritical CO₂ Enhances Extraction of γ-Linolenic Acid from the Cyanobacterium Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis and Bioactivity Evaluation of the Molecule in Zebrafish
Yang, X., Li, Y., Li, Y., Ye, D., Yuan, L., Sun, Y., Han, D., Hu, Q.
Date: 2019
Source: Marine drugs   17(4): (Journal)
Registered Authors: Sun, Yonghua, Ye, Ding
Keywords: Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis, bioactivity, diatomite, porous materials, solid matrix-supported supercritical CO2 (SMSSC-CO2), zebrafish, γ-linolenic acid (GLA)
MeSH Terms:
  • Animal Fins/drug effects
  • Animal Fins/physiology
  • Animals
  • Chromatography, Supercritical Fluid/methods*
  • Cyanobacteria/chemistry
  • Models, Animal
  • Regeneration/drug effects
  • Spirulina/chemistry*
  • Zebrafish
  • gamma-Linolenic Acid/isolation & purification*
  • gamma-Linolenic Acid/pharmacology*
PubMed: 30935028 Full text @ Mar. Drugs
Marine cyanobacteria represent a large untapped source of functional glycolipids enriched with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) for human health. However, advanced methods for scalable isolation of diverse species containing high-purity PUFA-rich glycolipids will have to be developed and their possible pharmaceutical and nutraceutical functions identified. This paper introduces a novel solid matrix-supported supercritical CO₂ extraction method for scalable isolation of the PUFA γ-linolenic acid (GLA)-enriched glycolipids from the cyanobacterium Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis, which has been the most widely used among microalgae in the nutraceutical and pharmaceutical industries. Of various porous materials studied, diatomite was the best to facilitate extraction of GLA-rich glycolipids, resulting in an extraction efficiency of 98%. Gamma-linolenic acid made up 35% of total fatty acids (TFAs) in the extracts, which was considerably greater than that obtained with ethanol (26%), Bligh and Dyer (24%), and in situ transesterification (24%) methods, respectively. Lipidomics analysis revealed that GLA was exclusively associated with galactolipids. Pharmaceutical functions of GLA-rich galactolipids were investigated on a zebrafish caudal fin regeneration model. The results suggested that GLA extracted from A. platensis possessed anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-allergic activities, which acted in a concerted manner to promote post-injury regeneration of zebrafish.