ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190206-8
3-ketodihydrosphingosine reductase mutation induces steatosis and hepatic injury in zebrafish
Park, K.H., Ye, Z.W., Zhang, J., Hammad, S.M., Townsend, D.M., Rockey, D.C., Kim, S.H.
Date: 2019
Source: Scientific Reports   9: 1138 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Kim, Seok-Hyung, Park, Ki-Hoon
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Alcohol Oxidoreductases/genetics*
  • Alcohol Oxidoreductases/metabolism
  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress
  • Fatty Liver/genetics*
  • Fatty Liver/metabolism
  • Humans
  • Lipidomics/methods
  • Mitochondria/metabolism
  • Mitochondria/ultrastructure
  • Mutation, Missense*
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)/genetics*
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)/metabolism
  • Sphingolipids/metabolism
  • Up-Regulation
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
PubMed: 30718751 Full text @ Sci. Rep.
3-ketodihydrosphingosine reductase (KDSR) is the key enzyme in the de novo sphingolipid synthesis. We identified a novel missense kdsrI105R mutation in zebrafish that led to a loss of function, and resulted in progression of hepatomegaly to steatosis, then hepatic injury phenotype. Lipidomics analysis of the kdsrI105R mutant revealed compensatory activation of the sphingolipid salvage pathway, resulting in significant accumulation of sphingolipids including ceramides, sphingosine and sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P). Ultrastructural analysis revealed swollen mitochondria with cristae damage in the kdsrI105R mutant hepatocytes, which can be a cause of hepatic injury in the mutant. We found elevated sphingosine kinase 2 (sphk2) expression in the kdsrI105R mutant. Genetic interaction analysis with the kdsrI105R and the sphk2wc1 mutants showed that sphk2 depletion suppressed liver defects observed in the kdsrI105R mutant, suggesting that liver defects were mediated by S1P accumulation. Further, both oxidative stress and ER stress were completely suppressed by deletion of sphk2 in kdsrI105R mutants, linking these two processes mechanistically to hepatic injury in the kdsrI105R mutants. Importantly, we found that the heterozygous mutation in kdsr induced predisposed liver injury in adult zebrafish. These data point to kdsr as a novel genetic risk factor for hepatic injury.