ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190127-6
scRNA-Seq reveals distinct stem cell populations that drive hair cell regeneration after loss of Fgf and Notch signaling
Lush, M.E., Diaz, D.C., Koenecke, N., Baek, S., Boldt, H., St Peter, M.K., Gaitan-Escudero, T., Romero-Carvajal, A., Busch-Nentwich, E.M., Perera, A.G., Hall, K.E., Peak, A., Haug, J.S., Piotrowski, T.
Date: 2019
Source: eLIFE   8: (Journal)
Registered Authors:
Keywords: developmental biology, regenerative medicine, stem cells, zebrafish
Microarrays: GEO:GSE123241
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Cell Proliferation*
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors/metabolism*
  • Hair Cells, Auditory/cytology*
  • RNA, Small Cytoplasmic/genetics*
  • Receptors, Notch/metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Stem Cells/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 30681411 Full text @ Elife
Loss of sensory hair cells leads to deafness and balance deficiencies. In contrast to mammalian hair cells, zebrafish ear and lateral line hair cells regenerate from poorly characterized support cells. Equally ill-defined is the gene regulatory network underlying the progression of support cells to differentiated hair cells. scRNA-Seq of lateral line organs uncovered five different support cell types, including quiescent and activated stem cells. Ordering of support cells along a developmental trajectory identified self-renewing cells and genes required for hair cell differentiation. scRNA-Seq analyses of fgf3 mutants, in which hair cell regeneration is increased, demonstrates that Fgf and Notch signaling inhibit proliferation of support cells in parallel by inhibiting Wnt signaling. Our scRNA-Seq analyses set the foundation for mechanistic studies of sensory organ regeneration and is crucial for identifying factors to trigger hair cell production in mammals. The data is searchable and publicly accessible via a web-based interface.