ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-180907-5
Cxcr1 mediates recruitment of neutrophils and supports proliferation of tumor-initiating astrocytes in vivo
Powell, D., Lou, M., Barros Becker, F., Huttenlocher, A.
Date: 2018
Source: Scientific Reports   8: 13285 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Huttenlocher, Anna, Powell, Davalyn
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Astrocytes/metabolism*
  • Carcinogenesis/pathology
  • Carcinogens/metabolism
  • Cell Movement/physiology
  • Cell Proliferation/physiology
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/metabolism
  • Chemokines/metabolism
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Inflammation/pathology
  • Neutrophil Infiltration/immunology
  • Neutrophil Infiltration/physiology*
  • Neutrophils/cytology*
  • Neutrophils/metabolism*
  • Receptors, Interleukin-8A/metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Tumor Microenvironment
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
PubMed: 30185911 Full text @ Sci. Rep.
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ABSTRACT
Neutrophils are first-responders to sites of infection and tissue damage including the inflamed tumor microenvironment. Increasing evidence suggests that crosstalk between tumors and neutrophils can affect the progression of established tumors. However, there is a gap in our understanding of the early events that lead to neutrophil recruitment to oncogene-transformed cells and how these pathways alter tumor progression. Here, we use optically transparent zebrafish larvae to probe the early signals that mediate neutrophil recruitment to Kras-transformed astrocytes. We show that zebrafish larvae with impaired neutrophil function exhibit reduced proliferation of transformed astrocytes supporting a critical role for tumor-associated neutrophils in the early progression of tumorigenesis. Moreover, using mutants and pharmacological inhibition, we show that the chemokine receptor Cxcr1 promotes neutrophil recruitment, proliferation of tumor-initiating cells, and neoplastic mass formation. These findings highlight the power of the larval zebrafish system to image and probe early events in the tumor-initiating microenvironment and demonstrate the potential for neutrophil recruitment signaling pathways such as Cxcl8-Cxcr1 as targets for anti-cancer therapies.
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