ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-180824-10
Deletion of Mtu1 (Trmu) in zebrafish revealed the essential role of tRNA modification in mitochondrial biogenesis and hearing function
Zhang, Q., Zhang, L., Chen, D., He, X., Yao, S., Zhang, Z., Chen, Y., Guan, M.X.
Date: 2018
Source: Nucleic acids research   46(20): 10930-10945 (Journal)
Registered Authors:
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Deafness/genetics*
  • Deafness/metabolism
  • Deafness/physiopathology
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Hair Cells, Auditory/metabolism
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Larva/genetics
  • Larva/metabolism
  • Male
  • Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics*
  • Mitochondrial Proteins/metabolism
  • Organelle Biogenesis*
  • RNA, Transfer/genetics*
  • RNA, Transfer/metabolism
  • Sequence Deletion
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
  • tRNA Methyltransferases/genetics*
  • tRNA Methyltransferases/metabolism
PubMed: 30137487 Full text @ Nucleic Acids Res.
Mtu1(Trmu) is a highly conserved tRNA modifying enzyme responsible for the biosynthesis of τm5s2U at the wobble position of tRNAGln, tRNAGlu and tRNALys. Our previous investigations showed that MTU1 mutation modulated the phenotypic manifestation of deafness-associated mitochondrial 12S rRNA mutation. However, the pathophysiology of MTU1 deficiency remains poorly understood. Using the mtu1 knock-out zebrafish generated by CRISPR/Cas9 system, we demonstrated the abolished 2-thiouridine modification of U34 of mitochondrial tRNALys, tRNAGlu and tRNAGln in the mtu1 knock-out zebrafish. The elimination of this post-transcriptional modification mediated mitochondrial tRNA metabolisms, causing the global decreases in the levels of mitochondrial tRNAs. The aberrant mitochondrial tRNA metabolisms led to the impairment of mitochondrial translation, respiratory deficiencies and reductions of mitochondrial ATP production. These mitochondria dysfunctions caused the defects in hearing organs. Strikingly, mtu1-/- mutant zebrafish displayed the abnormal startle response and swimming behaviors, significant decreases in the sizes of saccular otolith and numbers of hair cells in the auditory and vestibular organs. Furthermore, mtu1-/- mutant zebrafish exhibited the significant reductions in the hair bundle densities in utricle, saccule and lagena. Therefore, our findings may provide new insights into the pathophysiology of deafness, which was manifested by the deficient modifications at wobble position of mitochondrial tRNAs.