ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-180727-7
Functional analysis of KCNH2 gene mutations of type 2 long QT syndrome in larval zebrafish using microscopy and electrocardiography
Tanaka, Y., Hayashi, K., Fujino, N., Konno, T., Tada, H., Nakanishi, C., Hodatsu, A., Tsuda, T., Nagata, Y., Teramoto, R., Yoshida, S., Nomura, A., Kawashiri, M.A., Yamagishi, M.
Date: 2018
Source: Heart and vessels   34(1): 159-166 (Journal)
Registered Authors:
Keywords: Electrocardiography, In vivo cardiac assay, KCNH2, Long QT syndrome, Zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • DNA/genetics*
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Electrocardiography/methods*
  • Ether-A-Go-Go Potassium Channels/genetics*
  • Ether-A-Go-Go Potassium Channels/metabolism
  • Genetic Testing
  • Larva
  • Long QT Syndrome/diagnosis
  • Long QT Syndrome/genetics*
  • Long QT Syndrome/metabolism
  • Microscopy/methods*
  • Mutation*
  • Phenotype
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
PubMed: 30047011 Full text @ Heart Vessels
Heterologous expression systems play a vital role in the characterization of potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2 (KCNH2) gene mutations, such as E637K which is associated with long QT syndrome type 2 (LQT2). In vivo assays using zebrafish provide a means for testing genetic variants of cardiac disease; however, limited information on the role of the E637K mutation is available from in vivo systems and their utility has yet to be fully exploited in the context of LQT2. We sought to evaluate the ability of the E637K mutant channel to restore normal repolarization in larval zebrafish with a human KCNH2 orthologue, kcnh2a-knockdown. A morpholino (MO) targeting kcnh2a was injected alone or with wild type (WT) or E637K KCNH2 cRNA into zebrafish embryos at the 1-2 cell stage. Cardiac repolarization phenotypes were screened using light microscopy and the QT interval was measured by single lead electrocardiograph (ECG) analysis at 72-h post-fertilization. In the MO alone group, 17% of zebrafish had a normal phenotype; this rate increased to 60% in the WT KCNH2 cRNA injected zebrafish and to 35% in the E637K injected zebrafish. The ECG of larval zebrafish revealed that QTc was significantly prolonged in the MO alone group compared to the control group. Co-injection of WT KCNH2 cRNA shortened the QTc interval, however, that of the E637K did not. We suggest that this in vivo cardiac assay using microscopy and ECG in larval zebrafish offers a reliable approach for risk discrimination of KCNH2 mutations.