|ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-180210-5|
Complementary expression of calcium binding proteins delineates the functional organization of the locomotor network
Berg, E.M., Bertuzzi, M., Ampatzis, K.
|Source:||Brain structure & function 223(5): 2181-2196 (Journal)|
|Keywords:||Calbindin, Calretinin, Parvalbumin, Spinal cord, Zebrafish|
|PubMed:||29423637 Full text @ Brain Struct. Funct.|
Berg, E.M., Bertuzzi, M., Ampatzis, K. (2018) Complementary expression of calcium binding proteins delineates the functional organization of the locomotor network. Brain structure & function. 223(5):2181-2196.
ABSTRACTNeuronal networks in the spinal cord generate and execute all locomotor-related movements by transforming descending signals from supraspinal areas into appropriate rhythmic activity patterns. In these spinal networks, neurons that arise from the same progenitor domain share similar distribution patterns, neurotransmitter phenotypes, morphological and electrophysiological features. However, subgroups of them participate in different functionally distinct microcircuits to produce locomotion at different speeds and of different modalities. To better understand the nature of this network complexity, here we characterized the distribution of parvalbumin (PV), calbindin D-28 k (CB) and calretinin (CR) which are regulators of intracellular calcium levels and can serve as anatomical markers for morphologically and potential functionally distinct neuronal subpopulations. We observed wide expression of CBPs in the adult zebrafish, in several spinal and reticulospinal neuronal populations with a diverse neurotransmitter phenotype. We also found that several spinal motoneurons express CR and PV. However, only the motoneuron pools that are responsible for generation of fast locomotion were CR-positive. CR can thus be used as a marker for fast motoneurons and might potentially label the fast locomotor module. Moreover, CB was mainly observed in the neuronal progenitor cells that are distributed around the central canal. Thus, our results suggest that during development the spinal neurons utilize CB and as the neurons mature and establish a neurotransmitter phenotype they use CR or/and PV. The detailed characterization of CBPs expression, in the spinal cord and brainstem neurons, is a crucial step toward a better understanding of the development and functionality of neuronal locomotor networks.
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