ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-180208-13
Histone acetyltransferase 7 (KAT7)-dependent intragenic histone acetylation regulates endothelial cell gene regulation
Yan, M.S., Turgeon, P.J., Man, H.S.J., Dubinsky, M.K., Ho, J.J.D., El-Rass, S., Wang, Y.D., Wen, X.Y., Marsden, P.A.
Date: 2018
Source: The Journal of biological chemistry   293(12): 4381-4402 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Wen, Xiao-Yan
Keywords: chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChiP), chromatin modification, endothelial cell, gene regulation, histone acetylation, vascular biology, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Acetylation
  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chromatin/chemistry*
  • Chromatin/metabolism
  • Endothelium, Vascular/cytology
  • Endothelium, Vascular/metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Histone Acetyltransferases/genetics
  • Histone Acetyltransferases/metabolism*
  • Histones/chemistry*
  • Histones/metabolism
  • Humans
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1/genetics
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1/metabolism
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2/genetics
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2/metabolism
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
  • Zebrafish/metabolism*
PubMed: 29414790 Full text @ J. Biol. Chem.
Although the functional role of chromatin marks at promoters in mediating cell-restricted gene expression has been well characterized, the role of intragenic chromatin marks is not well understood, especially in endothelial cell (EC) gene expression. Here, we characterized the histone H3 and H4 acetylation profiles of 19 genes with EC-enriched expression via locus-wide chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by ultra-high-resolution (5 bp) tiling array analysis in ECs versus non-ECs throughout their genomic loci. Importantly, these genes exhibit differential EC enrichment of H3 and H4 acetylation in their promoter in ECs versus non-ECs. Interestingly, VEGFR-2 and VEGFR-1 show EC-enriched acetylation across broad intragenic regions and are up-regulated in non-ECs by histone deacetylase inhibition. It is unclear which histone acetyltransferases (KATs) are key to EC physiology. Depletion of KAT7 reduced VEGFR-2 expression and disrupted angiogenic potential. Microarray analysis of KAT7-depleted ECs identified 263 differentially regulated genes, many of which are key for growth and angiogenic potential. KAT7 inhibition in zebrafish embryos disrupted vessel formation and caused loss of circulatory integrity, especially hemorrhage, all of which were rescued with human KAT7. Notably, perturbed EC-enriched gene expression, especially the VEGFR-2 homologs, contributed to these vascular defects. Mechanistically, KAT7 participates in VEGFR-2 transcription by mediating RNA polymerase II binding, H3 lysine 14, and H4 acetylation in its intragenic region. Collectively, our findings support the importance of differential histone acetylation at both promoter and intragenic regions of EC genes and reveal a previously underappreciated role of KAT7 and intragenic histone acetylation in regulating VEGFR-2 and endothelial function.