|ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-180202-1|
Terminal Nerve GnRH3 Neurons Mediate Slow Avoidance of Carbon Dioxide in Larval Zebrafish
Koide, T., Yabuki, Y., Yoshihara, Y.
|Source:||Cell Reports 22: 1115-1123 (Journal)|
|Registered Authors:||Yoshihara, Yoshihiro|
|Keywords:||GnRH, avoidance behavior, carbon dioxide, chemosensory system, escape behavior, nasal trigeminal pathway, neural activity imaging, terminal nerve, zebrafish|
|PubMed:||29386100 Full text @ Cell Rep.|
Koide, T., Yabuki, Y., Yoshihara, Y. (2018) Terminal Nerve GnRH3 Neurons Mediate Slow Avoidance of Carbon Dioxide in Larval Zebrafish. Cell Reports. 22:1115-1123.
ABSTRACTEscape responses to threatening stimuli are vital for survival in all animal species. Larval zebrafish display fast escape responses when exposed to tactile, acoustic, and visual stimuli. However, their behavioral responses to chemosensory stimuli remain unknown. In this study, we found that carbon dioxide (CO2) induced a slow avoidance response, which was distinct from the touch-evoked fast escape response. We identified the gonadotropin-releasing hormone 3-expressing terminal nerve as the CO2 sensor in the nose. Wide-field calcium imaging revealed downstream CO2-activated ensembles of neurons along three distinct neural pathways, olfactory, trigeminal, and habenulo-interpeduncular, further reaching the reticulospinal neurons in the hindbrain. Ablation of the nose, terminal nerve, or trigeminal ganglion resulted in a dramatic decrease in CO2-evoked avoidance responses. These findings demonstrate that the terminal nerve-trigeminal system plays a pivotal role in triggering a slow chemosensory avoidance behavior in the larval zebrafish.