ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-180201-5
Generation of all-male-like sterile zebrafish by eliminating primordial germ cells at early development
Zhou, L., Feng, Y., Wang, F., Dong, X., Jiang, L., Liu, C., Zhao, Q., Li, K.
Date: 2018
Source: Scientific Reports   8: 1834 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Li, Kaibin, Zhao, Qingshun, Zhou, Li
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • 3' Untranslated Regions/genetics
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified/genetics*
  • Aquaculture/methods
  • Female
  • Germ Cells/metabolism
  • Gonads/metabolism
  • Infertility/genetics*
  • Male
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
PubMed: 29382876 Full text @ Sci. Rep.
Production of all-male and sterile fish may not only substantially improve yield but also be crucial for the application of genome modified species in aquaculture. Previously, it was reported that the fish lacking primordial germ cells (PGCs) becomes infertile, and nitroreductase, an enzyme converting non-toxic metronidazole (MTZ) into toxic metabolites, induces targeted toxicity to kill the cells expressing it. In this study, we generated a transgenic zebrafish line of Tg(nanos3:nfsB-mCherry-nanos3 3'UTR) in which the NfsB nitroreductase is solely expressed in PGCs. Treating the embryos derived from the female transgenic zebrafish with MTZ from 0 through 2 dpf (days post fertilization), we found that the germ cells were completely eliminated in the ones older than 2.5 dpf. At 20 dpf, the MTZ-treated juvenile had no germ cells in their gonads. At 100 dpf, the MTZ-treated adult exhibited male-like morphology and showed normal mating behaviors although they had no germ cells but only supporting cells in their gonads. Taken together, our results demonstrated that conditional elimination of PGCs during early development make the zebrafish male-like and infertile. It may provide an alternative strategy to make sterile and all-male farmed fish that is good for increasing aquaculture yield and preventing the genome modified species from potential ecological risks.