ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-171109-5
Spexin Suppress Food Intake in Zebrafish: Evidence from Gene Knockout Study
Zheng, B., Li, S., Liu, Y., Li, Y., Chen, H., Tang, H., Liu, X., Lin, H., Zhang, Y., Cheng, C.H.K.
Date: 2017
Source: Scientific Reports   7: 14643 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Liu, Xiaochun
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified/genetics
  • Animals, Genetically Modified/physiology*
  • Brain/physiology*
  • Eating*
  • Gene Knockout Techniques
  • Hyperphagia/prevention & control*
  • Peptide Hormones/genetics
  • Peptide Hormones/metabolism*
  • Reproduction
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish/physiology*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 29116147 Full text @ Sci. Rep.
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ABSTRACT
Spexin1 (SPX1) is a newly discovered neuropeptide in vertebrates. Its biological function remains to be elucidated. In this study, we have generated the zebrafish spx1 -/- mutant lines using transcription activator-like effector nucleases. Phenotypes of the spx1 -/- mutant zebrafish were analyzed in order to understand the effects on reproduction and food intake. The reproductive capability is not impaired in spx1 mutant zebrafish. However, we found that the spx1 -/- mutant fish had a higher food intake than the wild type (WT) fish. Real-time PCR revealed that the expression level of agouti-relate protein 1 (AgRP1), a significant appetite stimulant, was significantly higher in spx1 -/- mutant fish after feeding. Intracranial administration of SPX1 could also reduce the mRNA expression of the AgRP1. These data suggest that SPX1 might decrease the food intake by down regulating the expression level of agrp1. Furthermore, spx1 -/- mutant fish exhibited higher glucose, triacylglycerol and cholesterol in the serum than WT fish. However, the hyperphagia did not lead to a higher growth rate or body fat percentage. Taken together, our study suggests that SPX1 may serve as a satiety signal molecular by suppressing the AgRP1 in the brain.
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