ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-171107-11
Genetic and neuronal regulation of sleep by neuropeptide VF
Lee, D.A., Andreev, A., Truong, T.V., Chen, A., Hill, A.J., Oikonomou, G., Pham, U., Hong, Y.K., Tran, S., Glass, L., Sapin, V., Engle, J., Fraser, S.E., Prober, D.A.
Date: 2017
Source: eLIFE   6: (Journal)
Registered Authors: Fraser, Scott E., Prober, David
Keywords: neuroscience, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Neurons/physiology
  • Neuropeptides/metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Sleep*
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 29106375 Full text @ Elife
Sleep is an essential and phylogenetically conserved behavioral state, but it remains unclear to what extent genes identified in invertebrates also regulate vertebrate sleep. RFamide-related neuropeptides have been shown to promote invertebrate sleep, and here we report that the vertebrate hypothalamic RFamide neuropeptide VF (NPVF) regulates sleep in the zebrafish, a diurnal vertebrate. We found that NPVF signaling and npvf-expressing neurons are both necessary and sufficient to promote sleep, that mature peptides derived from the NPVF preproprotein promote sleep in a synergistic manner, and that stimulation of npvf-expressing neurons induces neuronal activity levels consistent with normal sleep. These results identify NPVF signaling and npvf-expressing neurons as a novel vertebrate sleep-promoting system and suggest that RFamide neuropeptides participate in an ancient and central aspect of sleep control.