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ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-170811-1
Turmeric Extract Rescues Ethanol-Induced Developmental Defect in the Zebrafish Model for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)
Muralidharan, P., Connors, C.T., Mohammed, A.S., Sarmah, S., Marrs, K., Marrs, J.A., Chism, G.W.
Date: 2017
Source: Journal of food science   82(9): 2221-2225 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Marrs, James A., Sarmah, Swapnalee
Keywords: ethanol-induced defects, fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, nutritional supplement, turmeric, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Curcuma/anatomy & histology
  • Curcuma/chemistry*
  • Dietary Supplements/analysis
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Ethanol/toxicity*
  • Female
  • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders/physiopathology
  • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders/prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Plant Extracts/administration & dosage*
  • Plant Extracts/analysis
  • Zebrafish/growth & development*
PubMed: 28796310 Full text @ J. Food Sci.
Prenatal ethanol exposure causes the most frequent preventable birth disorder, fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). The effect of turmeric extracts in rescuing an ethanol-induced developmental defect using zebrafish as a model was determined. Ethanol-induced oxidative stress is one of the major mechanisms underlying FASD. We hypothesize that antioxidant inducing properties of turmeric may alleviate ethanol-induced defects. Curcuminoid content of the turmeric powder extract (5 mg/mL turmeric in ethanol) was determined by UPLC and found to contain Curcumin (124.1 ± 0.2 μg/mL), Desmethoxycurcumin (43.4 ± 0.1 μg/mL), and Bisdemethoxycurcumin (36.6 ± 0.1 μg/mL). Zebrafish embryos were treated with 100 mM (0.6% v/v) ethanol during gastrulation through organogenesis (2 to 48 h postfertilization (hpf)) and supplemented with turmeric extract to obtain total curcuminoid concentrations of 0, 1.16, 1.72, or 2.32 μM. Turmeric supplementation showed significant rescue of the body length at 72 hpf compared to ethanol-treated embryos. The mechanism underlying the rescue remains to be determined.