ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-170428-5
Zebrafish In Situ Spinal Cord Preparation for Electrophysiological Recordings from Spinal Sensory and Motor Neurons
Moreno, R.L., Josey, M., Ribera, A.B.
Date: 2017
Source: Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE   (122): (Journal)
Registered Authors: Ribera, Angie
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Dissection/instrumentation
  • Dissection/methods*
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/cytology
  • Interneurons/cytology
  • Interneurons/physiology
  • Larva
  • Motor Neurons/cytology
  • Motor Neurons/physiology
  • Neurons/cytology
  • Neurons/physiology*
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques/methods*
  • Sensory Receptor Cells/cytology
  • Sensory Receptor Cells/physiology
  • Spinal Cord/cytology*
  • Spinal Cord/embryology
  • Spinal Cord/physiology
  • Zebrafish*/embryology
PubMed: 28448016 Full text @ J. Vis. Exp.
Zebrafish, first introduced as a developmental model, have gained popularity in many other fields. The ease of rearing large numbers of rapidly developing organisms, combined with the embryonic optical clarity, served as initial compelling attributes of this model. Over the past two decades, the success of this model has been further propelled by its amenability to large-scale mutagenesis screens and by the ease of transgenesis. More recently, gene-editing approaches have extended the power of the model. For neurodevelopmental studies, the zebrafish embryo and larva provide a model to which multiple methods can be applied. Here, we focus on methods that allow the study of an essential property of neurons, electrical excitability. Our preparation for the electrophysiological study of zebrafish spinal neurons involves the use of veterinarian suture glue to secure the preparation to a recording chamber. Alternative methods for recording from zebrafish embryos and larvae involve the attachment of the preparation to the chamber using a fine tungsten pin(1,2,3,4,5). A tungsten pin is most often used to mount the preparation in a lateral orientation, although it has been used to mount larvae dorsal-side up(4). The suture glue has been used to mount embryos and larvae in both orientations. Using the glue, a minimal dissection can be performed, allowing access to spinal neurons without the use of an enzymatic treatment, thereby avoiding any resultant damage. However, for larvae, it is necessary to apply a brief enzyme treatment to remove the muscle tissue surrounding the spinal cord. The methods described here have been used to study the intrinsic electrical properties of motor neurons, interneurons, and sensory neurons at several developmental stages(6,7,8,9).