ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-160716-6
TET1 and TET3 are essential in induction of Th2-type immunity partly through regulation of IL-4/13A expression in zebrafish model
Yang, C., Li, Z., Kang, W., Tian, Y., Yan, Y., Chen, W.
Date: 2016
Source: Gene   591(1): 201-8 (Journal)
Registered Authors:
Keywords: IL-4/13A, TET family genes, Th2-type immunity, adaptive immunity
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Antigens/metabolism
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Hemocyanins/pharmacology
  • Immunity*
  • Interleukin-13/metabolism*
  • Interleukin-4/metabolism*
  • Lentivirus/metabolism
  • Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology
  • Models, Animal
  • RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism
  • Solubility
  • Th2 Cells/immunology*
  • Zebrafish/immunology*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 27418527 Full text @ Gene
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ABSTRACT
It has been considered that epigenetic modulation can affect a diverse array of cellular activities, in which ten eleven translocation (TET) methylcytosine dioxygenase family members refer to a group of fundamental components involved in catalyzation of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine and modification of gene expression. Even though the function of TET proteins has been gradually revealed, their roles in immune regulation are still largely unknown. Recent studies provided clues that TET2 could regulate several innate immune-related inflammatory mediators in mammals. This study sought to explore the function of TET family members in potential T-helper (Th) cell differentiation involved in adaptive immunity by utilizing a zebrafish model. As shown by results, soluble antigens could induce expression of zebrafish IL-4/13A (i.e. a pivotal Th2-type cytokine essential in Th2 cell differentiation and functions), and further trigger the expression of Th1- and Th2-related genes. It is noteworthy that this response was accompanied by the up-regulation of two TET family members (TET1 and TET3) both in immune organs (spleen and kidney) and cells (peripheral lymphocytes). Knocking-down of TET1 and TET3 will give rise to the decreased responses of IL-4/13A induction against exogenous soluble antigen stimulation, and further restrain the expression of Th2-related genes, which indicates a restrained Th2 cell differentiation. Nonetheless, TET2 did not exhibit effect on the modification of Th1/Th2 related gene expression. Hence, these data showed that TET1 and TET3 might be two significant epigenetic regulators involved in Th2 differentiation through regulation of IL-4/13A expression. This is the first report to show that TET family members play indispensable roles in Th2-type immunity, indicating an epigenetic modulation manner involved in adaptive immune regulations and responses.
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