ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-160224-8
In Vivo Screening Using Transgenic Zebrafish Embryos Reveals New Effects of HDAC Inhibitors Trichostatin A and Valproic Acid on Organogenesis
Li, L., Bonneton, F., Tohme, M., Bernard, L., Chen, X.Y., Laudet, V.
Date: 2016
Source: PLoS One   11: e0149497 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Laudet, Vincent
Keywords: Embryos, Zebrafish, Pancreas, Teeth, Chemical disruption, Larvae, Fats, Green fluorescent protein
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors/pharmacology*
  • Hydroxamic Acids/pharmacology*
  • Lipid Metabolism/drug effects
  • Organogenesis/drug effects*
  • Valproic Acid/pharmacology*
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/metabolism
PubMed: 26900852 Full text @ PLoS One
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ABSTRACT
The effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) on reproduction are well known, whereas their developmental effects are much less characterized. However, exposure to endocrine disruptors during organogenesis may lead to deleterious and permanent problems later in life. Zebrafish (Danio rerio) transgenic lines expressing the green fluorescent protein (GFP) in specific organs and tissues are powerful tools to uncover developmental defects elicited by EDCs. Here, we used seven transgenic lines to visualize in vivo whether a series of EDCs and other pharmaceutical compounds can alter organogenesis in zebrafish. We used transgenic lines expressing GFP in pancreas, liver, blood vessels, inner ear, nervous system, pharyngeal tooth and pectoral fins. This screen revealed that four of the tested chemicals have detectable effects on different organs, which shows that the range of effects elicited by EDCs is wider than anticipated. The endocrine disruptor tetrabromobisphenol-A (TBBPA), as well as the three drugs diclofenac, trichostatin A (TSA) and valproic acid (VPA) induced abnormalities in the embryonic vascular system of zebrafish. Moreover, TSA and VPA induced specific alterations during the development of pancreas, an observation that was confirmed by in situ hybridization with specific markers. Developmental delays were also induced by TSA and VPA in the liver and in pharyngeal teeth, resulting in smaller organ size. Our results show that EDCs can induce a large range of developmental alterations during embryogenesis of zebrafish and establish GFP transgenic lines as powerful tools to screen for EDCs effects in vivo.
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