ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-150205-3
Effectiveness of Recommended Euthanasia Methods in Larval Zebrafish (Danio rerio)
Strykowski, J.L., Schech, J.M.
Date: 2015
Source: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science : JAALAS   54: 81-84 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Schech, Joseph Mat, Strykowski, Jennifer
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Eugenol/administration & dosage
  • Euthanasia, Animal/methods*
  • Hypothermia/veterinary
  • Larva
  • Zebrafish*/growth & development
PubMed: 25651096
The popularity of zebrafish and its use as a model organism in biomedical research including genetics, development, and toxicology, has increased over the past 20 y and continues to grow. However, guidelines for euthanasia remain vague, and the responsibility of creating appropriate euthanasia protocols essentially falls on individual facilities. To reduce variation in experimental results among labs, a standard method of euthanasia for zebrafish would be useful. Although various euthanasia methods have been compared, few studies focus on the effectiveness of euthanasia methods for larval zebrafish. In this study, we exposed larval zebrafish to each of 3 euthanasia agents (MS222, eugenol, and hypothermic shock) and assessed the recovery rate. Hypothermic shock appeared to be the most effective method for euthanizing zebrafish at 14 d after fertilization; however, this method may not be considered an efficient method for large numbers of larval zebrafish. Exposure to chemicals, such as MS222 and eugenol, were ineffective methods for euthanasia at this stage of development. When these agents are used, secondary measures should be taken to ensure death. Choosing a euthanasia method that is effective, efficient, and humane can be challenging. Determining a method of euthanasia that is suitable for fish of all stages will bring the zebrafish community closer to meeting this challenge.