ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-150107-2
Stanniocalcin-1 Controls Ion Regulation Functions of Ion-transporting Epithelium Other than Calcium Balance
Chou, M.Y., Lin, C.H., Chao, P.L., Hung, J.C., Cruz, S.A., Hwang, P.P.
Date: 2015
Source: International journal of biological sciences   11: 122-32 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Chou, Ming-Yi, Cruz, Shelly, Hwang, Pung Pung
Keywords: differentiation, ion regulation, ionocyte, stanniocalcin, zebrafish.
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Calcium/metabolism
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Chlorides/metabolism
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/metabolism
  • Epithelium/drug effects*
  • Epithelium/metabolism*
  • Glycoproteins/pharmacology*
  • Ion Transport/physiology
  • Sodium/metabolism
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
PubMed: 25561895 Full text @ Int. J. Biol. Sci.
Stanniocalcin-1 (STC-1) was first identified to involve in Ca(2+) homeostasis in teleosts, and was thought to act as a hypocalcemic hormone in vertebrate. Recent studies suggested that STC-1 exhibits broad effects on ion balance, not confines to Ca(2+), but the mechanism of this regulation process remains largely unknown. Here, we used zebrafish embryos as an alternative in vivo model to investigate how STC-1 regulates transepithelial ion transport function in ion-transporting epithelium. Expression of stc-1 mRNA in zebrafish embryos was increased in high-Ca(2+) environments but decreased by acidic and ion-deficient treatments while overexpression of stc-1 impaired the hypotonic acclimation by decreasing whole body Ca(2+), Na(+), and Cl(-) contents and H(+) secretion ability. Injection of STC-1 mRNA also down-regulated mRNA expressions of epithelial Ca(2+) channel, H(+)-ATPase, and Na(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter, suggesting the roles of STC-1 in regulation of ions other than Ca(2+). Knockdown of STC-1 caused an increase in ionocyte progenitors (foxi3a as the marker) and mature ionocytes (ion transporters as the markers), but did not affect epithelium stem cells (p63 as the marker) in the embryonic skin. Overexpression of STC-1 had the corresponding opposite effect on ionocyte progenitors, mature ionocytes in the embryonic skin. Taken together, STC-1 negatively regulates the number of ionocytes to reduce ionocyte functions. This process is important for body fluid ionic homeostasis, which is achieved by the regulation of ion transport functions in ionocytes. The present findings provide new insights into the broader functions of STC-1, a hypocalcemic hormone.