Dong, Z., Dong, X., Jia, W., Cao, S., Zhao, Q. (2014) Improving the efficiency for generation of genome-edited zebrafish by labeling primordial germ cells. The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology. 55:329-34.
Although CRISPR/Cas, a new versatile genome-editing tool, has been widely used in a variety of species including zebrafish, an important vertebrate model animal for biomedical research, the low efficiency of germline transmission of induced mutations and particularly knockin alleles made subsequently screening heritable offspring tedious, time-consuming, expensive and at times impossible. In this study, we reported a method for improving the efficiency of germline transmission screening for generation of genome-edited zebrafish mutants. Co-microinjecting yfp-nanos3 mRNA with Cas9 mRNA, sgRNA and single strand DNA donor to label the distribution of microinjected nucleotides in PGCs (primordial germ cells), we demonstrated that founders carrying labeled PGCs produced much higher numbers of knockin and knockout progeny. In comparison with the common practice of selecting founders by genotyping fin clips, our new strategy of selecting founders with tentatively fluorescent-labeled PGCs significantly increase the ease and speed of generating heritable knocking and knockout animals with CRISPR/Cas9.