|ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-140718-3|
A hybrid electrical/chemical circuit in the spinal cord generates a transient embryonic motor behavior
Knogler, L.D., Ryan, J., Saint-Amant, L., Drapeau, P.
|Source:||The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 34: 9644-55 (Journal)|
|Registered Authors:||Drapeau, Pierre, Saint-Amant, Louis|
|Keywords:||V2a interneurons, glutamate, locomotor development, motoneurons, spinal cord, zebrafish embryo|
|PubMed:||25031404 Full text @ J. Neurosci.|
Knogler, L.D., Ryan, J., Saint-Amant, L., Drapeau, P. (2014) A hybrid electrical/chemical circuit in the spinal cord generates a transient embryonic motor behavior. The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience. 34:9644-55.
ABSTRACTSpontaneous network activity is a highly stereotyped early feature of developing circuits throughout the nervous system, including in the spinal cord. Spinal locomotor circuits produce a series of behaviors during development before locomotion that reflect the continual integration of spinal neurons into a functional network, but how the circuitry is reconfigured is not understood. The first behavior of the zebrafish embryo (spontaneous coiling) is mediated by an electrical circuit that subsequently generates mature locomotion (swimming) as chemical neurotransmission develops. We describe here a new spontaneous behavior, double coiling, that consists of two alternating contractions of the tail in rapid succession. Double coiling was glutamate-dependent and required descending hindbrain excitation, similar to but preceding swimming, making it a discrete intermediary developmental behavior. At the cellular level, motoneurons had a distinctive glutamate-dependent activity pattern that correlated with double coiling. Two glutamatergic interneurons, CoPAs and CiDs, had different activity profiles during this novel behavior. CoPA neurons failed to show changes in activity patterns during the period in which double coiling appears, whereas CiD neurons developed a glutamate-dependent activity pattern that correlated with double coiling and they innervated motoneurons at that time. Additionally, double coils were modified after pharmacological reduction of glycinergic neurotransmission such that embryos produced three or more rapidly alternating coils. We propose that double coiling behavior represents an important transition of the motor network from an electrically coupled spinal cord circuit that produces simple periodic coils to a spinal network driven by descending chemical neurotransmission, which generates more complex behaviors.