ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-140404-6
Restricted expression of cdc25a in the tailbud is essential for formation of the zebrafish posterior body
Bouldin, C.M., Snelson, C.D., Farr, G.H. 3rd, and Kimelman, D.
Date: 2014
Source: Genes & Development   28(4): 384-95 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Farr III, G. Hank, Kimelman, David, Snelson, Corey
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Division
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Muscle Cells/cytology
  • Phosphorylation
  • Stem Cells/cytology*
  • Stem Cells/enzymology
  • T-Box Domain Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • cdc25 Phosphatases/genetics*
  • cdc25 Phosphatases/metabolism*
PubMed: 24478331 Full text @ Genes & Dev.

The vertebrate body forms from a multipotent stem cell-like progenitor population that progressively contributes newly differentiated cells to the most posterior end of the embryo. How the progenitor population balances proliferation and other cellular functions is unknown due to the difficulty of analyzing cell division in vivo. Here, we show that proliferation is compartmentalized at the posterior end of the embryo during early zebrafish development by the regulated expression of cdc25a, a key controller of mitotic entry. Through the use of a transgenic line that misexpresses cdc25a, we show that this compartmentalization is critical for the formation of the posterior body. Upon misexpression of cdc25a, several essential T-box transcription factors are abnormally expressed, including Spadetail/Tbx16, which specifically prevents the normal onset of myoD transcription, leading to aberrant muscle formation. Our results demonstrate that compartmentalization of proliferation during early embryogenesis is critical for both extension of the vertebrate body and differentiation of the multipotent posterior progenitor cells to the muscle cell fate.