ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-140321-57
Endocytosis of Fgf8 is a double-stage process and regulates spreading and signaling
Rengarajan, C., Matzke, A., Reiner, L., Orian-Rousseau, V., and Scholpp, S.
Date: 2014
Source: PLoS One   9(1): e86373 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Rengarajan, Charanya, Scholpp, Steffen
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Clathrin/metabolism
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/embryology
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/metabolism
  • Endocytosis*
  • Endosomes/metabolism*
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 8/analysis
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 8/metabolism*
  • HEK293 Cells
  • HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism
  • Humans
  • Protein Transport
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/metabolism
  • Zebrafish Proteins/analysis
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 24466061 Full text @ PLoS One

Tightly controlled concentration gradients of morphogens provide positional information and thus regulate tissue differentiation and morphogenesis in multicellular organisms. However, how such morphogenetic fields are formed and maintained remains debated. Here we show that fibroblast growth factor 8 (Fgf8) morphogen gradients in zebrafish embryos are established and maintained by two essential mechanisms. Firstly, Fgf8 is taken up into the cell by clathrin-mediated endocytosis. The speed of the uptake rate defines the range of the morphogenetic gradient of Fgf8. Secondly, our data demonstrate that after endocytosis the routing of Fgf8 from the early endosome to the late endosome shuts down signaling. Therefore, intracellular endocytic transport regulates the intensity and duration of Fgf8 signaling. We show that internalization of Fgf8 into the early endosome and subsequent transport towards the late endosome are two independent processes. Therefore, we hypothesize that Fgf8 receiving cells control both, the propagation width and the signal strength of the morphogen.