ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-131204-8
Impaired embryonic motility in dusp27 mutants reveals a developmental defect in myofibril structure
Fero, K., Bergeron, S.A., Horstick, E.J., Codore, H., Li, G.H., Ono, F., Dowling, J.J., and Burgess, H.A.
Date: 2014
Source: Disease models & mechanisms   7(2): 289-98 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Bergeron, Sadie, Burgess, Harold, Codore, Hiba, Horstick, Eric, Li, Grace, Ono, Fumihito
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Dual-Specificity Phosphatases/chemistry
  • Dual-Specificity Phosphatases/genetics*
  • Dual-Specificity Phosphatases/metabolism
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/drug effects
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/enzymology*
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/pathology*
  • Embryonic Development/drug effects
  • Gene Knockdown Techniques
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Morpholinos/pharmacology
  • Movement*/drug effects
  • Muscle Fibers, Fast-Twitch/drug effects
  • Muscle Fibers, Fast-Twitch/metabolism
  • Muscle Fibers, Fast-Twitch/pathology
  • Mutation/genetics*
  • Myofibrils/drug effects
  • Myofibrils/pathology*
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/chemistry
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
PubMed: 24203884 Full text @ Dis. Model. Mech.
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ABSTRACT

An essential step in muscle fiber maturation is the assembly of highly ordered myofibrils that are required for contraction. Much remains unknown about the molecular mechanisms governing the formation of the contractile apparatus. We identified an early embryonic motility mutant in zebrafish caused by integration of a transgene into the pseudophosphatase dual specificity phosphatase 27 (dusp27). Dusp27 mutants exhibit near complete paralysis at embryonic and larval stages, producing extremely low levels of spontaneous coiling movements and a greatly diminished touch response. Loss of dusp27 does not prevent somitogenesis but results in severe disorganization of the contractile apparatus in muscle fibers. Sarcomeric structures in mutants are almost entirely absent and only rare triads are observed. These findings are the first to implicate a functional role of dusp27 as a gene required for myofiber maturation and provide an animal model for analyzing the mechanisms governing myofibril assembly.

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