Friedrich, R.W. (2013) Neuronal Computations in the Olfactory System of Zebrafish. Annual review of neuroscience. 36:383-402.
The main olfactory system encodes information about molecules in a combinatorial fashion by distributed spatiotemporal activity patterns. As activity propagates from sensory neurons to the olfactory bulb and to higher brain areas, odor information is processed by multiple transformations of these activity patterns. This review discusses neuronal computations associated with such transformations in the olfactory system of zebrafish, a small vertebrate that offers advantages for the quantitative analysis and manipulation of neuronal activity in the intact brain. The review focuses on pattern decorrelation in the olfactory bulb and on the readout of multiplexed sensory representations in the telencephalic area Dp, the homolog of the olfactory cortex. These computations are difficult to study in larger species and may provide insights into general information-processing strategies in the brain.
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