PUBLICATION

Developmental lead acetate exposure induces embryonic toxicity and memory deficit in adult zebrafish

Authors
Chen, J., Chen, Y., Liu, W., Bai, C., Liu, X., Liu, K., Li, R., Zhu, J.H., and Huang, C.
ID
ZDB-PUB-120928-5
Date
2012
Source
Neurotoxicology and teratology   34(6): 581-586 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Liu, Wei
Keywords
lead, zebrafish, developmental toxicity, behavior, learning/memory
MeSH Terms
  • Abnormalities, Multiple/chemically induced*
  • Abnormalities, Multiple/embryology
  • Abnormalities, Multiple/psychology
  • Animals
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/abnormalities
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/drug effects*
  • Lead/toxicity*
  • Maze Learning/drug effects
  • Memory Disorders/chemically induced*
  • Motor Activity/drug effects
  • Organometallic Compounds/toxicity*
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
PubMed
22975620 Full text @ Neurotoxicol. Teratol.
Abstract

Lead is a persistent metal and commonly present in our living environment. The present study was aimed to investigate lead-induced embryonic toxicity, behavioral responses, and adult learning/memory deficit in zebrafish. Lead acetate (PbAc) induced malformations such as uninflated swim bladder, bent spine and yolk-sac edema with an EC50 of 0.29 mg/L at 120 h post fertilization (hpf). Spontaneous movement as characterized by tail bend frequency was significantly altered in zebrafish embryos following exposure to PbAc. Behavior assessment demonstrated that lead exposure changed behavioral responses in zebrafish larvae, as hyperactivity was detected within the first minute of light-to-dark transition in the fish exposed to PbAc from 6 to 96 hpf, and a different dose-dependent change was found in swimming speeds in the dark and in the light at 120 hpf following lead exposure. Learning/memory task assay showed that embryos exposed to PbAc from 6 to 120 hpf developed learning/memory deficit at adulthood as exhibited by a significant decrease in accuracy rate to find the food and a significant increase in finding time. Overall, our results suggested that low dose of developmental lead exposure resulted in embryonic toxicity, behavioral alteration, and adult learning/memory deficit in zebrafish.

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