ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-120105-65
Effects of ambient cadmium with calcium on mRNA expressions of calcium uptake related transporters in zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae
Liu, C.T., Chou, M.Y., Lin, C.H., and Wu, S.M.
Date: 2012
Source: Fish physiology and biochemistry   38(4): 977-988 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Chou, Ming-Yi
Keywords: cadmium, calcium, calcium transporter, gene expression
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Cadmium/toxicity*
  • Calcium/metabolism*
  • Larva/metabolism
  • Plasma Membrane Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism*
  • RNA, Messenger/metabolism
  • Sodium-Calcium Exchanger/metabolism*
  • TRPV Cation Channels/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish/metabolism
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 22179751 Full text @ Fish Physiol. Biochem.

The mRNA expression levels of Ca2+ transporter genes including the epithelial calcium channel (ECaC), sodium/calcium exchanger 1b (NCX1b), and plasma membrane calcium ATPase 2 (PMCA2) were measured in zebrafish larvae after exposure to 0.08 μM Cd2+ in either water mixed with 0.2 mM Ca2+ (lCa) or 2 mM Ca2+ (hCa). The ECaC and NCX1b expression decreased at the 48 and 72 h mark, respectively; however, PMCA2 transcripts decreased at 96 h after exposure to Cd2+ in lCa environment. On the other hand, the ECaC transcripts were not affected; however, the PMCA2 transcripts were increased at 72 h, while the NCX1b transcripts significantly decreased at 48 and 96 h after exposure to Cd2+ in a hCa environment. The Ca2+ contents of larvae significantly decreased after Cd2+ exposure in a lCa environment; however, the Ca2+ contents were evidently higher after exposure to Cd2+ in a hCa environment, except for 48th h mark. In addition, ECaC morphants showed lower Ca2+ contents of whole-body, and there were higher levels of mortality after exposure to the same condition compared to the wild-type groups. In contrast, injection of ECaC cRNA resulted in an increase in Ca2+ content and the rate of Ca2+ influx in zebrafish embryos. Summary, the results showed that the Ca2+ transporters of zebrafish larvae were impacted after exposures of 0.08 μM Cd. However, in the exposure condition, the ECaC and PMCA2 transcripts could be restored to control levels after the fish were treated in an environment with hCa.