ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-110803-54
Blastomere Injection of Cleavage-Stage Zebrafish Embryos and Imaging of Labeled Cells
England, S.J., and Adams, R.J.
Date: 2011
Source: Cold Spring Harbor protocols   2011(8): 958-66 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Adams, Richard, England, Sam
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Blastomeres/cytology*
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods*
  • Microinjections/methods*
  • Microscopy, Confocal/methods*
  • Morphogenesis
  • Time-Lapse Imaging/methods*
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
PubMed: 21807850 Full text @ Cold Spring Harb. Protoc.
Zebrafish embryos are useful for studying morphogenesis. Their foremost advantage is their optical transparency. Because the embryos are small, they can be imaged as whole-mount preparations. Crucially, this preserves both the mechanical and the molecular integrity of the embryo. This protocol describes the preparation of live zebrafish embryos for the collection of movies using four-dimensional time-lapse confocal microscopy. Methods are presented for the labeling of cells, for the orientation and immobilization of embryos, and for establishing a robust reproducible imaging environment with which to acquire high-resolution dynamic movies of cell behaviors during morphogenesis. These methods concentrate on the visualization of notochord morphogenesis in the zebrafish embryo. However, they also apply to the analysis of many other developing tissues. Factors that can influence the success of time-lapse confocal microscopy are discussed, such as the choice of cell label, the effects of genetic manipulation, and the consequences of environmental variation during imaging—all of which may influence the rate of development.