Identification of an evolutionarily conserved regulatory element of the zebrafish col2a1a gene

Dale, R.M., and Topczewski, J.
Developmental Biology   357(2): 518-31 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Dale, Rodney M., Topczewski, Jacek
collagen, cranial sutures, growth plate, intervertebral disc, semicircular canals, weberian apparatus
MeSH Terms
  • Animal Fins/embryology
  • Animal Fins/metabolism
  • Animals
  • Cartilage/embryology
  • Cartilage/metabolism
  • Collagen Type II/genetics*
  • Collagen Type II/metabolism
  • Conserved Sequence/genetics*
  • Down-Regulation/genetics
  • Ear/embryology
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/metabolism
  • Evolution, Molecular*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Genes, Reporter
  • Genome/genetics
  • Intervertebral Disc/embryology
  • Intervertebral Disc/metabolism
  • Larva/genetics
  • Notochord/embryology
  • Notochord/metabolism
  • Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid/genetics*
  • SOX9 Transcription Factor/genetics
  • SOX9 Transcription Factor/metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Synteny/genetics
  • Zebrafish/embryology
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
21723274 Full text @ Dev. Biol.

Zebrafish (Danio rerio) is an excellent model organism for the study of vertebrate development including skeletogenesis. Studies of mammalian cartilage formation were greatly advanced through the use of a cartilage specific regulatory element of the Collagen type II alpha 1 (Col2a1) gene. In an effort to isolate such an element in zebrafish, we compared the expression of two col2a1 homologues and found that expression of col2a1b, a previously uncharacterized zebrafish homologue, only partially overlaps with col2a1a. We focused our analysis on col2a1a, as it is expressed in both the stacked chondrocytes and the perichondrium. By comparing the genomic sequence surrounding the predicted transcriptional start site of col2a1a among several species of teleosts we identified a small highly conserved sequence (R2) located 1.7 kb upstream of the presumptive transcriptional initiation site. Interestingly, neither the sequence nor location of this element is conserved between teleost and mammalian Col2a1. We generated transient and stable transgenic lines with just the R2 element or the entire 1.7 kb fragment 52 of the transcriptional initiation site. The identified regulatory elements enable the tracking of cellular development in various tissues by driving robust reporter expression in craniofacial cartilage, ear, notochord, floor plate, hypochord and fins in a pattern similar to the expression of endogenous col2a1a. Using a reporter gene driven by the R2 regulatory element, we analyzed the morphogenesis of the notochord sheath cells as they withdraw from the stack of initially uniform cells and encase the inflating vacuolated notochord cells. Finally, we show that like endogenous col2a1a, craniofacial expression of these reporter constructs depends on Sox9a transcription factor activity. At the same time, notochord expression is maintained after Sox9a knockdown, suggesting that other factors can activate expression through the identified regulatory element in this tissue.

Genes / Markers
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Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes
Errata and Notes