ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-101018-25
The thyroid-disrupting effects of long-term perfluorononanoate exposure on zebrafish (Danio rerio)
Liu, Y., Wang, J., Fang, X., Zhang, H., and Dai, J.
Date: 2011
Source: Ecotoxicology (London, England)   20(1): 47-55 (Journal)
Registered Authors:
Keywords: Perfluorononanoate, Zebrafish, Thyroid-disrupting effects, Long-term, Trans-generational exposure
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Brain/metabolism
  • Endocrine Disruptors/analysis
  • Endocrine Disruptors/chemistry
  • Endocrine Disruptors/toxicity*
  • Female
  • Fluorocarbons/analysis
  • Fluorocarbons/chemistry
  • Fluorocarbons/toxicity*
  • Gene Expression/drug effects
  • Larva/metabolism
  • Liver/metabolism
  • Male
  • Models, Theoretical
  • RNA, Messenger/metabolism
  • Thyroid Gland/drug effects*
  • Thyroid Gland/pathology
  • Thyroid Hormones/blood
  • Time Factors
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 20941541 Full text @ Ecotoxicology
Concentrations of perfluorononanoate (PFNA) suggest an obvious increase in the environment, wildlife, and humans. However, the potential toxicity of PFNA still remains to be fully elucidated. Our present work is directed toward evaluating specific thyroid endpoints, and studying the long-term and the trans-generational effects of PFNA on zebrafish. Zebrafish (Danio rerio) were exposed to different concentrations of PFNA (0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, and 1 mg/l) from their early life stages (F(0), 23 day post-fertilization dpf), and the exposure period lasted for 180 days. At the end of the exposure period, thyroid follicle histology and plasma thyroid hormone levels in male zebrafish were evaluated as direct endpoints for the specific thyroid toxicities, while gene expression relative to the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis was also investigated to study the underlying mechanisms. In addition, offspring embryos (F(1)) from the PFNA exposure parental zebrafish was reared in water either without PFNA or under continual exposure to PFNA for an additional 180 days to investigate effects of multi-generational exposures on the circulating T(3) levels and thyroid-associated gene expression. Our results demonstrate significantly elevated plasma T(3) levels were observed in both F(0) and F(1) adults, as well as PFNA-induced histological changes in the thyroid follicles of F(0) male zebrafish. In the liver, the abundance of gene transcript encoding the protein transthyretin (TTR) was significantly induced, while the expression of UDP-glucuronosyltransferases in F(0) adult males was inhibited. The induced thyroid-disrupting effects also demonstrated a trans-generational effect that was reflected by altered gene expression related to thyroid hormone (TH) synthesis and metabolism in F(1) larvae. Our results provide the first evidence for the thyroid-disrupting effects of long-term PFNA exposure in zebrafish.