ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-100520-2
Toxicity of silver nanoparticles in zebrafish models
Asharani, P.V., Wu, Y.L., Gong, Z., and Valiyaveettil, S.
Date: 2008
Source: Nanotechnology   19(25): 255102 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Gong, Zhiyuan, P.V., Asharani, Wu, Yi Lian
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms: none
PubMed: none Full text @ Nanotechnology
This study was initiated to enhance our insight on the health and environmental impact of silver nanoparticles (Ag-np). Using starch and bovine serum albumin (BSA) as capping agents, silver nanoparticles were synthesized to study their deleterious effects and distribution pattern in zebrafish embryos (Danio rerio). Toxicological endpoints like mortality, hatching, pericardial edema and heart rate were recorded. A concentration-dependent increase in mortality and hatching delay was observed in Ag-np treated embryos. Additionally, nanoparticle treatments resulted in concentration-dependent toxicity, typified by phenotypes that had abnormal body axes, twisted notochord, slow blood flow, pericardial edema and cardiac arrhythmia. Ag+ ions and stabilizing agents showed no significant defects in developing embryos. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of the embryos demonstrated that nanoparticles were distributed in the brain, heart, yolk and blood of embryos as evident from the electron-dispersive x-ray analysis (EDS). Furthermore, the acridine orange staining showed an increased apoptosis in Ag-np treated embryos. These results suggest that silver nanoparticles induce a dose-dependent toxicity in embryos, which hinders normal development.