|ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-091120-47|
Cilia localization is essential for in vivo functions of the Joubert syndrome protein Arl13b/Scorpion
Duldulao, N.A., Lee, S., and Sun, Z.
|Source:||Development (Cambridge, England) 136(23): 4033-4042 (Journal)|
|Registered Authors:||Duldulao, Neil, Lee, Sunjin, Sun, Zhaoxia|
|Keywords:||Arl13b, Scorpion, Cilium, Joubert syndrome, Kidney cyst, Laterality|
|PubMed:||19906870 Full text @ Development|
Duldulao, N.A., Lee, S., and Sun, Z. (2009) Cilia localization is essential for in vivo functions of the Joubert syndrome protein Arl13b/Scorpion. Development (Cambridge, England). 136(23):4033-4042.
ABSTRACTarl13b was initially cloned as the novel cystic kidney gene scorpion (sco) in zebrafish and was shown to be required for cilia formation in the kidney duct. In mouse, a null mutant of Arl13b shows abnormal ultrastructure of the cilium and defective sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling. Importantly, a recent study linked mutations in ARL13B to a classical form of Joubert syndrome (JS), an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a distinctive cerebellar malformation. In this study, we analyzed the zebrafish arl13b (sco) mutant and gene products in detail. We first demonstrate that Arl13b is a protein that is highly enriched in the cilium and is required for cilia formation in multiple organs in zebrafish, and that knockdown of arl13b leads to multiple cilia-associated phenotypes. We additionally show that multiple regions of Arl13b are required for its localization to the cilium. By means of rescuing experiments with a series of deletion and point mutants, we further demonstrate that the ciliary localization is crucial for the in vivo function of Arl13b. Together, these results strongly support the hypothesis that JS-related disease (JSRD) is a ciliopathy, or a disease caused by ciliary defects, and that Arl13b functions mainly through the cilium.