|ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-090814-9|
Zebrafish ale oko, an essential determinant of sensory neuron survival and the polarity of retinal radial glia, encodes the p50 subunit of dynactin
Jing, X., and Malicki, J.
|Source:||Development (Cambridge, England) 136(17): 2955-2964 (Journal)|
|Registered Authors:||Jing, Xiaotang, Malicki, Jarema|
|Keywords:||ale oko, Dynactin, Photoreceptor, Glia, Eye, Retina, Retinotectal, Hair cell, Axon, Polarity, Spindle|
|PubMed:||19666822 Full text @ Development|
Jing, X., and Malicki, J. (2009) Zebrafish ale oko, an essential determinant of sensory neuron survival and the polarity of retinal radial glia, encodes the p50 subunit of dynactin. Development (Cambridge, England). 136(17):2955-2964.
ABSTRACTAlthough microtubule-dependent motors are known to play many essential functions in eukaryotic cells, their role in the context of the developing vertebrate embryo is less well understood. Here we show that the zebrafish ale oko (ako) locus encodes the p50 component of the dynactin complex. Loss of ako function results in a degeneration of photoreceptors and mechanosensory hair cells. Additionally, mutant Müller cells lose apical processes and their perikarya translocate rapidly towards the vitreal surface of the retina. This is accompanied by the accumulation of the apical determinants Nok and Has/aPKC in their cell bodies. ako is required cell-autonomously for the maintenance of the apical process but not for cell body positioning in Müller glia. At later stages, the retinotectal projection also degenerates in ako mutants. These results indicate that the p50 component of the dynactin complex is essential for the survival of sensory neurons and the maintenance of ganglion cell axons, and functions as a major determinant of apicobasal polarity in retinal radial glia.