|ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-080826-28|
The vesicular integral protein-like gene is essential for development of a mechanosensory system in zebrafish
Chong, M., Liao, M., and Drapeau, P.
|Source:||Developmental Neurobiology 68(12): 1391-1405 (Journal)|
|Registered Authors:||Chong, Mabel, Drapeau, Pierre|
|Keywords:||δ-notch signaling, neuromasts, lateral line, hair cells, neurogenesis, startle response|
|PubMed:||18712783 Full text @ Dev. Neurobiol.|
Chong, M., Liao, M., and Drapeau, P. (2008) The vesicular integral protein-like gene is essential for development of a mechanosensory system in zebrafish. Developmental Neurobiology. 68(12):1391-1405.
ABSTRACTThe zebrafish hi472 mutation is caused by a retroviral insertion into the vesicular integral protein-like gene, or zVIPL, a poorly studied lectin implicated in endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi trafficking. A mutation in the shorter isoform of zVIPL (zVIPL-s) results in a reduction of mechanosensitivity and consequent loss of escape behavior. Here we show that motoneurons and hindbrain reticulospinal neurons, which normally integrate mechanosensory inputs, failed to fire in response to tactile stimuli in hi472 larvae, suggesting a perturbation in sensory function. The hi472 mutant larvae in fact suffered from a severe loss of functional neuromasts of the lateral line mechanosensory system, a reduction of zVIPL labeling in support cells, and a reduction or even a complete loss of hair cells in neuromasts. The Delta-Notch signaling pathway is implicated in cellular differentiation of neuromasts, and we observed an increase in Notch expression in neuromasts of hi472 mutant larvae. Treatment of hi472 mutant larvae with DAPT, an inhibitor of Notch signaling, or overexpression of the Notch ligand deltaB in hi472 mutant blastocysts produced partial rescue of the morphological defects and of the startle response behavior. We conclude that zVIPL-s is a necessary component of Delta-Notch signaling during neuromast development in the lateral line mechanosensory system.