ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-080324-8
Differential expression of duplicated genes for prothymosin alpha during zebrafish development
Donizetti, A., Liccardo, D., Esposito, D., Del Gaudio, R., Locascio, A., Ferrara, D., Minucci, S., and Aniello, F.
Date: 2008
Source: Developmental dynamics : an official publication of the American Association of Anatomists   237(4): 1112-1118 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Aniello, Francesco, Donizetti, Aldo, Liccardo, Daniela
Keywords: ptma, gene duplication, zebrafish embryo, central nervous system, eye, placode, pronephric ducts, endodermal pouches
MeSH Terms:
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Gene Duplication*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny
  • Protein Isoforms/classification
  • Protein Isoforms/genetics*
  • Protein Isoforms/metabolism
  • Protein Precursors/classification
  • Protein Precursors/genetics*
  • Protein Precursors/metabolism
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Thymosin/analogs & derivatives*
  • Thymosin/classification
  • Thymosin/genetics
  • Thymosin/metabolism
  • Zebrafish/anatomy & histology
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/classification
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
PubMed: 18351673 Full text @ Dev. Dyn.
We show that ptma, a single copy gene found in all organisms investigated so far, is duplicated in zebrafish. The two genes, ptmaa and ptmab, are individually controlled as indicated by their different expression patterns during embryonic development. Only the ptmab transcript is observed at 4 and 8 hpf of development in all embryonic cells, whereas both genes are expressed at later stages as revealed by in situ hybridization studies. In most cases, the two genes are expressed in the same territories, but only the ptmaa transcript was found in the trigeminal ganglion and in endodermal pouches. In the eye, at 72 hpf, the ptmaa and ptmab transcripts were found in amacrine cells, whereas only the ptmab transcript appeared in horizontal cells. The existence of two prothymosin genes indicates that their function in cell proliferation and differentiation is more complex in fishes than in mammals.