|ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-070806-7|
Identification of a locus control region for quadruplicated green-sensitive opsin genes in zebrafish
Tsujimura, T., Chinen, A., and Kawamura, S.
|Source:||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104(31): 12813-12818 (Journal)|
|Registered Authors:||Kawamura, Shoji|
|Keywords:||gene duplication, GFP reporter, transgenesis|
|PubMed:||17646658 Full text @ Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA|
Tsujimura, T., Chinen, A., and Kawamura, S. (2007) Identification of a locus control region for quadruplicated green-sensitive opsin genes in zebrafish. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 104(31):12813-12818.
ABSTRACTDuplication of opsin genes has a crucial role in the evolution of visual system. Zebrafish have four green-sensitive (RH2) opsin genes (RH2-1, RH2-2, RH2-3, and RH2-4) arrayed in tandem. They are expressed in the short member of the double cones (SDC) but differ in expression areas in the retina and absorption spectra of their encoding photopigments. The shortest and the second shortest wavelength subtypes, RH2-1 and RH2-2, are expressed in the central-to-dorsal retina. The longer wavelength subtype, RH2-3, is expressed circumscribing the RH2-1/RH2-2 area, and the longest subtype, RH2-4, is expressed further circumscribing the RH2-3 area and mainly occupying the ventral retina. The present report shows that a 0.5-kb region located 15 kb upstream of the RH2 gene array is an essential regulator for their expression. When the 0.5-kb region was deleted from a P1-artificial chromosome (PAC) clone encompassing the four RH2 genes and when one of these genes was replaced with a reporter GFP gene, the GFP expression in SDCs was abolished in the zebrafish to which a series of the modified PAC clones were introduced. Transgenic studies also showed that the 0.5-kb region conferred the SDC-specific expression for promoters of a non-SDC (UV opsin) and a nonretinal (keratin 8) gene. Changing the location of the 0.5-kb region in the PAC clone conferred the highest expression for its proximal gene. The 0.5-kb region was thus designated as RH2-LCR analogous to the locus control region of the L-M opsin genes of primates.