ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-060526-6
Zebrafish Numb homologue: Phylogenetic evolution and involvement in regulation of left-right asymmetry
Niikura, Y., Tabata, Y., Tajima, A., Inoue, I., Arai, K.I., and Watanabe, S.
Date: 2006
Source: Mechanisms of Development   123(5): 407-414 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Watanabe, Sumiko
Keywords: Zebrafish, Numb, Phylogenetic analysis, Notch, Left–right formation
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Body Patterning/genetics*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Drosophila Proteins/genetics
  • Drosophila Proteins/metabolism*
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Juvenile Hormones/genetics
  • Juvenile Hormones/metabolism*
  • Membrane Proteins/genetics
  • Membrane Proteins/metabolism*
  • Phylogeny*
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Receptors, Notch/genetics
  • Receptors, Notch/metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Signal Transduction
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 16701985 Full text @ Mech. Dev.
Numb and its homologue, Numb-like (Numbl), play important roles in mammalian development, but their role in embryonic development of lower vertebrates remains unknown. We cloned a zebrafish numb homologue (znumb) by searching database. znumb shows approximately 60% identity with mammalian Numb orthologs. Interstingly, znumb lacks two specific sequence motifs unique to Numbl orthologs. However, chromosomal localization of znumb gene revealed colinearity with genes located around mouse and human Numbl genes. Furthermore, multi-species comparisons of conserved phosphotyrosine-binding (PTB) domain sequences in Numb and Numbl proteins suggest that znumb is more closely related to Numbl than Numb. znumb mRNA was expressed in a wide variety of zebrafish adult tissues. Overexpression of znumb in embryos resulted in an absence, or reversal, of the normal leftward shift of the developing heart tube. Furthermore, no or bi-lateral transcripts of lefty2 were observed in znumb-expressing embryos, suggesting that the Notch signaling was essential for left-right field formation and maintenance in zebrafish, and that znumb perturbed this process through down-regulation of endogenous Notch signaling.