ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-050803-4
Large-scale enhancer detection in the zebrafish genome
Ellingsen, S., Laplante, M.A., Konig, M., Kikuta, H., Furmanek, T., Hoivik, E.A., and Becker, T.S.
Date: 2005
Source: Development (Cambridge, England)   132(17): 3799-3811 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Becker, Thomas S., Ellingsen, Ståle, Kikuta, Hiroshi, Laplante, Mary
Keywords: Cis-regulatory sequence, Synteny, In vivo imaging, Zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/embryology
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/metabolism
  • Enhancer Elements, Genetic/genetics*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/genetics
  • Genes, Reporter/genetics
  • Genome*
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional
  • Transcription, Genetic/genetics
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
PubMed: 16049110 Full text @ Development
Murine retroviral vectors carrying an enhancer detection cassette were used to generate 95 transgenic lines of fish in which reporter expression is observed in distinct patterns during embryonic development. We mapped 65 insertion sites to the as yet unfinished zebrafish genome sequence. Many integrations map close to previously known developmental genes, including transcription factors of the Pax, Hox, Sox, Pou, Otx, Emx, zinc-finger and bHLH gene families. In most cases, the activated provirus is located in, or within a 15 kb interval around, the corresponding transcriptional unit. The exceptions include four insertions into a gene desert on chromosome 20 upstream of sox11b, and an insertion upstream of otx1. In these cases, the activated insertions are found at a distance of between 32 kb and 132 kb from the coding region. These as well as seven other insertions described here identify genes that have recently been associated with ultra conserved non-coding elements found in all vertebrate genomes.