ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-050727-6
Ribosomal proteins L34 and S29 of amphioxus Branchiostoma belcheri tsingtauense: cDNAs cloning and gene copy number
Liu, L., Zhang, S., Liu, Z., Li, H., Liu, M., Wang, Y., and Ma, L.
Date: 2005
Source: Acta Biochimica Polonica   52(4): 857-862 (Unknown)
Registered Authors: Li, Hongyan, Liu, Zhenhui
Keywords: amphioxus, Branchiostoma, ribosomal protein, L34, S29, copy number
MeSH Terms:
  • 5' Untranslated Regions/genetics
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Chordata, Nonvertebrate/classification
  • Chordata, Nonvertebrate/genetics*
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny
  • Ribosomal Proteins/genetics*
PubMed: 16025162
The complete cDNA and deduced amino acid sequences of ribosomal proteins L34 (AmphiL34) and S29 (AmphiS29) from the amphioxus Branchiostoma belcheri tsingtauense were identified in this study. The AmphiL34 cDNA is 435 nucleotides in length and encodes a 118 amino acid protein with calculated molecular mass of 13.6 kDa. It shares 53.6-67.5% amino acid sequence identity with its eukaryotic counterparts including human, mouse, rat, pig, frog, catfish, fruit fly, mosquito, armyworm, nematode and yeast. The AmphiS29 cDNA comprises 453 nucleotides and codes for a 56 amino acid protein with a calculated molecular mass of 6.6 kDa. It shows 66.1-78.6% amino acid sequence identity to eukaryotic S29 proteins from human, mouse, rat, pig, zebrafish, seahorse, fruit fly, nematode, sea hare and yeast. AmphiL34 contains a putative nucleolar localization signal, while AmphiS29 has a zinc finger-like domain. A phylogenetic tree deduced from the conserved sequences of AmphiL34 and AmphiS29 and other known counterparts indicates that the positions of AmphiL34/AmphiS29 are intermediate between the vertebrate and invertebrate L34/S29. Southern blot analysis demonstrates the presence of one copy of the L34 gene and 2-3 copies of the S29 gene in the genome of the amphioxus B. belcheri tsingtauense. This is in sharp contrast to the existence of 7-9 copies of the L34 gene and 14-17 copies of the S29 gene in the rat genome. These date suggest that housekeeping genes like AmphiL34 and AmphiS29 have undergone large-scale duplication in the chordate lineage.