ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-050523-2
Mutually exclusive glomerular innervation by two distinct types of olfactory sensory neurons revealed in transgenic zebrafish
Sato, Y., Miyasaka, N., and Yoshihara, Y.
Date: 2005
Source: The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience   25(20): 4889-4897 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Yoshihara, Yoshihiro
Keywords: odorant receptor; transient receptor potential channel C2; olfactory marker protein; fluorescent proteins; teleost olfactory system; odor map
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified/metabolism
  • Axons/metabolism*
  • Axons/physiology
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic/physiology
  • Immunohistochemistry/methods
  • In Situ Hybridization/methods
  • Luminescent Proteins/classification
  • Luminescent Proteins/metabolism
  • Molecular Biology/methods
  • Olfactory Bulb/cytology*
  • Olfactory Marker Protein/genetics
  • Olfactory Marker Protein/metabolism
  • Olfactory Mucosa/innervation*
  • Olfactory Mucosa/metabolism
  • Olfactory Pathways/anatomy & histology*
  • Olfactory Pathways/metabolism
  • Olfactory Receptor Neurons/cytology*
  • Olfactory Receptor Neurons/metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger/metabolism
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods
  • Time Factors
  • Transient Receptor Potential Channels/genetics
  • Transient Receptor Potential Channels/metabolism
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
PubMed: 15901770 Full text @ J. Neurosci.
The olfactory epithelium of fish contains two major types of olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) that are distinct morphologically (ciliated vs microvillous) and possibly functionally. Here, we found that these OSNs express different sets of signal transduction machineries: the ciliated OSNs express OR-type odorant receptors, cyclic nucleotide-gated channel A2 subunit, and olfactory marker protein (OMP), whereas the microvillous OSNs express V2R-type receptors and transient receptor potential channel C2 (TRPC2). To visualize patterns of axonal projection from the two types of OSNs to the olfactory bulb (OB), we generated transgenic zebrafish in which spectrally distinct fluorescent proteins are expressed in the ciliated and microvillous OSNs under the control of OMP and TRPC2 gene promoters, respectively. An observation of whole-mount OB in adult double-transgenic zebrafish revealed that the ciliated OSNs project axons mostly to the dorsal and medial regions of the OB, whereas the microvillous OSNs project axons to the lateral region of the OB. A careful histological examination of OB sections clarified that the axons from the two distinct types of OSNs target different glomeruli in a mutually exclusive manner. This segregation is already established at very early developmental stages in zebrafish embryos. These findings clearly demonstrate the relationships among cell morphology, molecular signatures, and axonal terminations of the two distinct types of OSNs and suggest that the two segregated neural pathways are responsible for coding and processing of different types of odor information in the zebrafish olfactory system.