ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-010918-3
Reporter gene expression in fish following cutaneous infection with pantropic retroviral vectors
Paul, T.A., Burns, J.C., Shike, H., Getchell, R., Bowser, P.R., Whitlock, K.E., and Casey, J.W.
Date: 2001
Source: Marine biotechnology (New York, N.Y.)   3: S81-S87 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Bowser, Paul R., Burns, Jane C., Paul, Thomas A., Whitlock, Kate
Keywords: retroviral vector, promoter, experimental infection, zebrafish, walleye dermal sarcoma virus, dermal sarcoma, stizostedion vitreum, skin tumors, high titer, cells, generation, embryos, cyclin, rerio
MeSH Terms: none
PubMed: none
A central issue in gene delivery systems is choosing promoters that will direct defined and sustainable levels of gene expression. Pantropic retroviral vectors provide a means to insert genes into either somatic or germline cells. In this study, we focused on somatic cell infection by evaluating the activity of 3 promoters inserted by vectors into fish cell lines and fish skin using pantropic retroviruses. In bluegill and zebrafish cell lines, the highest levels of luciferase expression were observed from the 5 ' murine leukemia virus long terminal repeat of the retroviral vector. The Rous sarcoma virus long terminal repeat and cytomegalovirus early promoter, as internal promoters, generated lower levels of luciferase. Luciferase reporter vectors infected zebrafish skin, as measured by the presence of viral DNA, and expressed luciferase. We infected developing walleye dermal sarcomas with retroviral vectors to provide an environment with enhanced cell proliferation, a condition necessary for integration of the provirus into the host genome. We demonstrated a 4-fold to 7-fold increase in luciferase gene expression in tumor tissue over infections in normal walleye skin.